What Type of Construction Is My Project?

Type of Construction

The U.S. construction industry generates almost $2.1 trillion worth of new structures each year. These projects span various categories, each with unique requirements and specifications. To achieve a successful outcome, you must understand which of the following seven construction projects you’re about to take on.

1.   Residential Construction Projects

Residential construction encompasses various housing types: single-family homes, multi-unit residential buildings, or custom-built homes. You can work with architects, builders, and other contractors to execute this project. Zoning is one of the most critical factors for a residential construction project. Not only does zoning affect the type of home you build, but it can also have a long-term impact on the structure’s value.

2.   Commercial Construction Projects

Commercial construction projects consist of retail, office, or other business spaces. The design of these structures should meet specific organizational requirements such as customer flow, staff productivity, or manufacturing operations. These projects must also adhere to workplace compliance codes such as the American Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA). Following these regulations will help you avoid potential legal issues.

3.   Heavy Civil Construction Projects

Heavy civil construction includes highways, tunnels, bridges, or other utility projects. These structures can be private or public, but the two overlap in many cases. The regulatory specifications for heavy civil construction projects will often vary from one state or region to the next. Be sure to coordinate with your jurisdiction to align the project with local environmental impact assessments and other relevant specifications.

4.   Institutional Construction Projects

Institutional construction projects cover a range of public establishments, like hospitals, schools, and municipal buildings. These large-scale projects require considerable planning and financial expenditure to manage successfully. In addition to local regulatory compliance measures, you’ll also need to think about the health, safety, and environmental impact this structure will have on stakeholders in the surrounding community.

5.   Industrial Construction Projects

Industrial construction is a broad term for numerous facilities, including refineries, factories, plants, and warehouses. These project requirements will often vary based on the specific industry, and the structural design elements should maximize both function and layout. You’ll also need to pay close attention to OSHA manufacturing or engineering protocols.

6.   Green Construction Projects

Green construction projects have become increasingly desirable as both regulation and public opinion shift toward sustainable solutions. In fact, the U.S. eco-friendly building materials market is currently valued at $88 billion per year. Green construction includes various structures that use sustainable materials and environmentally conscious building practices, such as energy-efficient fixtures and water conservation methods.

7.   Mixed-Use Construction Projects

Mixed-use construction projects follow a unique design approach that combines residential, commercial, and recreational spaces. These developments are common in urban revitalization areas to promote a community-centric atmosphere and often involve updates to existing structures. Zoning permits can sometimes cause barriers to mixed-use construction projects, so work closely with local regulators or community organizations to sidestep any potential issues and create uniquely flexible, adaptable spaces.

Plan for a Successful Construction Project

The category a project falls under will majorly impact the construction journey. Different structures require individualized design specifications, building codes or permits, and logistical processes, all of which can affect your budget or timeline. Before breaking ground, it is imperative to determine the type of construction project you’re undertaking to mitigate setbacks and surprises.

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